A study from 2021 found that even a small amount of alcohol can increase a person’s chances of developing atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is a condition that causes a person’s heart to beat irregularly and sometimes abnormally fast.
A further study from 2021 tested people’s breath for alcohol concentration levels. Researchers found that as a person’s alcohol concentration level increased, so did their heart rate.
Learn how alcohol affects the body here.
Caffeine is a stimulant found in many drinks, such as coffee, tea, certain sodas, and energy drinks. Caffeine powder is also available as a dietary supplement.
According to the United Kingdom’s National Health Service (NHS), certain medications can cause a person to have an irregular heartbeat. These medications include:
Find out more about the causes of heart palpitations here.
Certain herbal supplements can increase a person’s heart rate, such as:
Bitter orange: People might use bitter orange for heartburn, nasal congestion, weight loss, appetite suppression or stimulation, and athletic performance. Certain studies state that it can cause rapid heartbeat; however, the results were inconclusive.
Valerian:Valerian is a supplement used for anxiety, insomnia, depression, premenstrual syndrome, headache, and menstrual issues. Side effects of taking valerian can include heart disturbances, such as a rapid heartbeat, headache, upset stomach, uneasiness, excitability, mental dullness, and insomnia.
Ginseng:Ginseng is promoted as a general tonic to improve wellbeing. However, ginseng has side effects that can include increased heartbeat, insomnia, menstrual problems, breast pain, headache, digestive problems, and high or low blood pressure.
Learn which supplements can lower blood pressure here.
Illegal stimulants, such as cocaine and amphetamines, can cause a person to have a higher heart rate.
Research from 2021 found that people who use cocaine were more likely to experience irregular or increased heart rates.
Doctors sometimes use amphetamines to treat people who have ADHD or narcolepsy. However, amphetamines can cause a series of side effects, including:
Learn more about amphetamines here.
Nicotine is a highly addictive chemical found in cigarettes. According to the AHA, nicotine can cause increased blood pressure and heart rate.
Research from 2021 noted that nicotine could increase a person’s heart rate by 10–15 beats per minute (BPM).
Learn more about nicotine here.
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The FDA suggests stopping use of Nicorette products in cases of irregular heartbeat or palpitations, symptoms of nicotine overdose (nausea, vomiting, dizziness, weakness, and rapid heartbeat) or skin redness caused by the patch.
The symptoms of this disorder include avoiding social outings and activities, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, panic attacks, trembling, and feelings of dread and panic when around people.
A person who experiences stressful emotions regularly may be at risk of developing certain conditions. The American Psychological Association (APA) note that chronic stress can increase a person’s chances of developing certain conditions, such as high blood pressure, heart attack, or stroke.
A person may be able to manage their stress in the following ways:
Learn more about treating and managing stress here.